ChainingMetadataProvider

Namespace: urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata
Schema: http://shibboleth.net/schema/idp/shibboleth-metadata.xsd

Overview

The ChainingMetadataProvider is a container for an ordered sequence of metadata providers of any type. When conducting a search, the metadata resolver consults each child provider in the order in which it is listed. See the parent topic for a detailed description of the search ordering algorithm used by the metadata resolver.

Reference

Name

Type

Req?

Description

Name

Type

Req?

Description

id

String

Y

Identifier for logging, identification for command line reload, etc.

xsi:type

String

Y

Must be set to "ChainingMetadataProvider"

Name

Cardinality

Description

Name

Cardinality

Description

<MetadataProvider>

0 or more

An ordered sequence of metadata providers of any type (except the ChainingMetadataProvider type)

Examples

Here is a brief summary of the examples in this section:

  • Example 1: A traditional configuration using FilesystemMetadataProvider for local metadata and FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider for federation metadata

  • Example 2: A "no touch" configuration using LocalDynamicMetadataProvider for local metadata and FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider for federation metadata

  • Example 3: A completely dynamic configuration using LocalDynamicMetadataProvider for local metadata and DynamicHTTPMetadataProvider for federation metadata

The following example illustrates one or more providers of type FilesystemMetadataProvider followed by a single FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 <MetadataProvider id="chain" xsi:type="ChainingMetadataProvider"> <!-- One or more providers of type FilesystemMetadataProvider for local metadata. Each metadata provider describes a static entity descriptor stored in a file. --> <MetadataProvider id="LocalMetadata" xsi:type="FilesystemMetadataProvider" ...> <!-- ... --> </MetadataProvider> <!-- Exactly one provider of type FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider for federation metadata. The metadata provider automatically refreshes a metadata aggregate (EntitiesDescriptor) which would otherwise expire. --> <MetadataProvider id="FederationMetadata" xsi:type="FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider" ...> <!-- ... --> </MetadataProvider> </MetadataProvider>

In the above example, local metadata is loaded before externally resolved federation metadata. This prevents federation metadata from accidentally overriding local metadata sources.

The following example is similar to the previous example except that multiple providers of type FilesystemMetadataProvider have been replaced with a single LocalDynamicMetadataProvider:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 <MetadataProvider id="chain" xsi:type="ChainingMetadataProvider"> <!-- Exactly one provider of type LocalDynamicMetadataProvider for local metadata. The metadata provider configures a source directory containing one or more static entity descriptors. --> <MetadataProvider id="LocalMetadata" xsi:type="LocalDynamicMetadataProvider" ...> <!-- ... --> </MetadataProvider> <!-- Exactly one provider of type FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider for federation metadata. The metadata provider automatically refreshes a metadata aggregate (EntitiesDescriptor) which would otherwise expire. --> <MetadataProvider id="FederationMetadata" xsi:type="FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider" ...> <!-- ... --> </MetadataProvider> </MetadataProvider>

In the above example, all local metadata is handled by a single LocalDynamicMetadataProvider. In this way, new local metadata may be added to the system without touching the configuration.

The following example is similar to the previous example except that the provider of type FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider has been replaced with a DynamicHTTPMetadataProvider:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 <MetadataProvider id="chain" xsi:type="ChainingMetadataProvider"> <!-- Exactly one provider of type LocalDynamicMetadataProvider for local metadata. The metadata provider configures a source directory containing one or more static entity descriptors. --> <MetadataProvider id="LocalMetadata" xsi:type="LocalDynamicMetadataProvider" ...> <!-- ... --> </MetadataProvider> <!-- Exactly one provider of type DynamicHTTPMetadataProvider for federation metadata. Individual entity descriptors are fetched dynamically as needed from a metadata query server. --> <MetadataProvider id="FederationMetadata" xsi:type="DynamicHTTPMetadataProvider" ...> <!-- ... --> </MetadataProvider> </MetadataProvider>

In the above example, federation metadata is sourced as needed (i.e., dynamically). This avoids having to load a large metadata aggregate.

 

Avoid redundant providers in the chain

Resolve federation metadata with either a FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider (Example #2) or a DynamicHTTPMetadataProvider (Example #3) but not both. Assuming the same set of entities are represented in each case, the two approaches are mutually exclusive.